European CHMP adopts positive opinion for Gilead’s zydelig® (idelalisib) for the treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia and follicular lymphoma
Posted: 25 July 2014 | Gilead | No comments yet
Gilead Sciences, Inc. announced that the Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use has adopted a positive opinion on the company’s Marketing Authorization Application for Zydelig®…
Gilead Sciences, Inc. (NASDAQ: GILD) today announced that the Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP), the scientific committee of the European Medicines Agency (EMA), has adopted a positive opinion on the company’s Marketing Authorization Application (MAA) for Zydelig® (idelalisib 150 mg film-coated tablets), a first-in-class treatment for patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and follicular lymphoma (FL), the most common subtype of indolent non-Hodgkin lymphoma (iNHL). The CHMP opinion supports the use of idelalisib in combination with rituximab for the treatment of adult patients with CLL who have received at least one prior therapy or, as first-line treatment in CLL patients in the presence of 17p deletion or TP53 mutation in patients unsuitable for chemo-immunotherapy and also as monotherapy for the treatment of adult patients with FL that is refractory to two prior lines of treatment. The CHMP’s recommendation will now be reviewed by the European Commission, which has the authority to approve medicines for use in the 28 countries of the European Union (EU).
CLL and FL are slow-growing incurable blood cancers1,2 that can lead to life-threatening complications such as anemia, serious infection and bone marrow failure requiring treatment.1,3,4 Relapse commonly occurs after initial chemo-immunotherapy5,6 and many patients with relapsed CLL or FL are unable to tolerate chemotherapy, which may limit their treatment options.7,8
The CHMP positive opinion for idelalisib is based on data from two clinical trials – Study 116 and 101-09. Study 116, a pivotal Phase 3 trial, investigated the efficacy and safety of idelalisib in combination with rituximab in patients with previously treated CLL.7 The Phase 2 101-09 study assessed the efficacy and safety of idelalisib in patients with iNHL who are refractory to rituximab and alkylating agents.8 Results of Study 116 and Study 101-09 were published in The New England Journal of Medicine in March 2014.
The most commonly reported adverse reactions (incidence ≥20 percent) were diarrhea, pyrexia, fatigue, nausea, cough, abdominal pain and chills. Additionally, grade 3 or 4 elevations in ALT and AST (indicators of liver function) have been observed in clinical trials of idelalisib. Grade 3 or 4 pneumonitis and Grade 3 or 4 diarrhea/colitis were also observed in some patients in the clinical trials.7, 8
Idelalisib is an investigational product and its safety and efficacy have not been established
- National Cancer Institute(NCI). Chronic lymphocytic leukemia treatment (PDQ). National Cancer Institute (NCI). Available at http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/treatment/CLL/healthprofessional/page1/AllPages. Accessed April, 2014.
- National Cancer Institute (NCI). Adult Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Treatment (PDQ). Available at http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/treatment/adult-non-hodgkins/HealthProfessional/page1/AllPages. Accessed February, 2014.
- National Cancer Institute(NCI). What you need to know about non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Available at http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/wyntk/non-hodgkin-lymphoma.pdf. Accessed April, 2014.
- Lymphoma Association. Follicular lymphoma. Available at http://www.lymphomas.org.uk/sites/default/files/pdfs/Follicular-lymphoma.pdf. Accessed July,2014.
- Brown JR. The treatment of relapsed refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia. Hematology 2011:110-118.
- Salles GA. Clinical Features, Prognosis and Treatment of Follicular Lymphoma. American Society of Hematology Education Program Book 2007(1):216-225.
- Furman RR, et al. Idelalisib and rituximab in relapsed chronic lymphocytic leukemia. N Engl J Med 2014:13;370(11):997-1007.
- Gopal AK, et al. PI3Kdelta Inhibition by Idelalisib in Patients with Relapsed Indolent Lymphoma. N Engl J Med 2014:13;370(11):1008-18.