Screening reveals modulators of macrophage training and SARS CoV-2 infection

Researchers screened biologically active small molecules, finding several compounds with the ability to induce training effects on macrophages.

high-throughput screening

Researchers from the US National Institutes of Health (NIH) screened biologically active small molecules to identify regulators of tumour necrosis factor (TNF) induction; the team report that they found several compounds with the ability to induce training effects on human macrophages.

According to the scientists, biologically active small molecules can impart modulatory effects, in some cases, providing extended long-term memory.

Following the screening, as outlined in the journal Cell Reports, the researchers found that rutaecarpine showed acute and long-term modulation, enhancing lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced pro-inflammatory cytokine secretion and relieving LPS tolerance in human macrophages. They revealed that rutaecarpine inhibits β-glucan-induced H3K4Me3 marks at the promoters of several proinflammatory cytokines, highlighting the potential of this molecule to modulate chromosomal topology.

Syk kinase inhibitor (SYKi IV), another screen hit, promoted an enhanced response to LPS similar to that previously reported for β-glucan-induced training. Macrophages trained with SYKi IV show a high degree of resistance to influenza A, multiple variants of SARS-CoV-2 and OC43 coronavirus infection. The researchers say that these findings highlight a potential application of this molecule and other Syk kinase inhibitors as prophylactic treatments for viral susceptibility.

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