Neutralisation resistance generated by Spike (S) protein mutations in Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) poses a challenge to antibody therapies for COVID-19. Antibody cocktails targeting the S protein receptor binding domain (RBD) are one way to avoid viral neutralisation escape, however only certain antibody combinations are currently effective.…
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Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)
Researchers have discovered a cross-reactive coronavirus antibody that could aid in the development of a broad-acting vaccine or treatment.
A new vaccine has shown promise at protecting monkeys and mice from COVID-19, its variants and other coronaviruses.
Researchers have found that a metabolite of remdesivir potentially targets a SARS-CoV-2 protein involved in suppressing the host cell's defence response.
Researchers have used cryo-EM to show that a new nanobody cocktail can bind to the S protein of SARS-CoV-2, neutralising the coronavirus.
Recent years have seen an increase in the development of biomaterial and nanoparticle-based vaccine formulations. Sushma Kumari, Sonal Asthana and Kaushik Chatterjee from the Department of Materials Engineering at the Indian Institute of Science discuss why these materials have such high potential in the fight against infectious diseases.
A year on from discovering COVID-19 we are starting to understand why some people suffer more severely after infection. Sadya Arnett discusses recent research into the interconnection between host inflammation and SARS-CoV-2.
The lead candidate, ADG2, was able to neutralise SARS-CoV and various strains of SARS-CoV-2, including those that are resistant to currently available antibody treatments.
A new study has shown that previous coronavirus infection may contribute to the immune response of patients infected with SARS-CoV-2.
Scientists shows targeting cholesterol or phosphatidylinositol phosphate (PIP) could be a promising strategy to combat multiple coronaviruses.
Results of a recent study by researchers at the University of Bristol indicate neuropilin-1 is an important host factor for SARS-CoV-2 infection. The team suggests that blocking neuropilin-1 may be a valuable therapeutic intervention in the treatment of COVID-19. Nikki Withers spoke to one of the study’s lead investigators, Dr…
COVID-19 is known to infect the lungs; however, the dynamics of viral infection and replication are poorly understood. Alongside the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Professor Lyle Armstrong and colleagues have been working to develop a human lung epithelium model of SARS-CoV-2 infection and replication. In this article, he describes…
Using atomistic simulations, a team has demonstrated how coronavirus Spike proteins move and vibrate to let the virus through cell walls.
A specific furin cleavage motif on the SARS-CoV-2 Spike protein, not present on other coronaviruses (CoVs), could be targeted by novel COVID-19 therapies.
Researchers reveal that SARS-CoV-2 is more infectious than SARS-CoV because it can use both ACE2 and neuropilin-1 to infect cells.